Person-Centered Multimedia Computing: A New Paradigm Inspired by Assistive and Rehabilitative Applications
Dr. Sethuraman Panchanathan
Abstract: Human-centered multimedia computing (HCMC) focuses on a tight engagement of humans in the design, development and deployment of multimedia solutions. Today’s multimedia technologies largely cater to the needs of the “able” population, resulting in HCMC solutions that mostly meet the needs of that community. However, individuals with disabilities have specific requirements that necessitate a personalized, adaptive approach toward smart multimedia computing. In addition, individuals with disabilities have largely been absent in the design process, and have to adapt themselves (often unsuccessfully) to available solutions. To address this challenge, we recently introduced the concept of person-centered multimedia computing (PCMC), where the emphasis is on understanding the individual user’s needs, expectations and adaptations towards designing, developing and deploying effective and smart multimedia solutions. In this talk, PCMC will be discussed from two application viewpoints: (i) social assistive aids to enrich the interaction experience of individuals with visual impairments and (ii) cyber-physical systems for stroke rehabilitation. Both these applications embody person-centeredness as the underlying methodology. Our research not only demonstrates the significant potential in using person centered multimedia solutions to enrich the lives of individuals with disabilities, but also the criticality of using a person centered approach to effectively address complex smart multimedia challenges in designing real-world solutions.
Executive Vice President, ASU Knowledge Enterprise Development
Chief Research and Innovation Officer
Director, Center for Cognitive Ubiquitous Computing
Foundation Chair in Computing and Informatics
Panchanathan was the founding director of the School of Computing and Informatics and was instrumental in founding the Biomedical Informatics Department at ASU. He also served as the chair of the Computer Science and Engineering Department. He founded the Center for Cognitive Ubiquitous Computing (CUbiC) at ASU. CUbiC’s flagship project iCARE, for individuals who are blind and visually impaired, won the Governor’s Innovator of the Year-Academia Award in November 2004. In 2014, Panchanathan was appointed by President Barack Obama to the U.S. National Science Board (NSB) and is Chair of the Committee on Strategy. He was appointed by former U.S. Secretary of Commerce Penny Pritzker to the National Advisory Council on Innovation and Entrepreneurship (NACIE). Panchanathan is a Fellow of the National Academy of Inventors (NAI), the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS) and the Canadian Academy of Engineering. He is also Fellow of the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), and the Society of Optical Engineering (SPIE). He is currently serving as the Chair of the Council on Research within the Association of Public and Land-grant Universities. Panchanathan was the editor-in-chief of the IEEE Multimedia Magazine and is also an editor/associate editor of many other journals and transactions. Panchanathan’s research interests are in the areas of human-centered multimedia computing, haptic user interfaces, person-centered tools and ubiquitous computing technologies for enhancing the quality of life for individuals with disabilities, machine learning for multimedia applications, medical image processing, and media processor designs. Panchanathan has published over 440 papers in refereed journals and conferences and has mentored over 100 graduate students, post-docs, research engineers and research scientists who occupy leading positions in academia and industry.
Technologies and Sensors for Next Generation Underwater Exploration
James A.R. McFarlane
Abstract: Research in the world’s oceans is no longer a matter of curiosity, it is imperative to the future understanding of the planet we call home. Humankind has imparted unfathomable pressure on what is the foundation of the existence of life on earth. Over fishing, ocean dumping, pollution, ocean acidification, Inter Alia have all contributed to the extreme pressures our oceans are facing. The use of diverse technology to research this critical component of our existence is of paramount importance. Development of advanced sensing or visualization sub-systems are maturing and evolving. These new sensors and samplers are providing us with insights into the ocean realms that were not possible only a few years ago. The development of new tools and technologies must continue just as the research into the depths of our oceans needs to expand. This is critical to the survival of the planet and we will explore the utilization of different vehicle types to accomplish diverse research requirements.
James A.R. McFarlane joined International Submarine Engineering Ltd. (ISE) in September of 2011 as Executive Vice President.
His early career was spent manufacturing underwater vehicles at ISE in Port Coquitlam, British Columbia, Canada. He then worked at sea in the offshore oil and gas industry in Canada, Norway, Scotland and the United States operating Remotely Operated Vehicles (ROV) for various international commercial diving companies. In 1987 he joined Monterey Bay Aquarium Research Institute (MBARI) as Chief ROV Pilot and departed in 2002 as one of the Institutes Directors. He was Vice President at Sound Ocean Systems in Redmond, Washington from 2007 until 2009 while maintaining and operating his marine consulting company that he started in 2002. In September 2009 he was appointed as the Head of the Office of Resources and Environmental Monitoring for the International Seabed Authority. In this capacity, he was responsible for the management of all mineral resources in the deep ocean located in the Area as defined in Part XI of the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea.
Mr. McFarlane’s career has included systems development, manufacturing, marine operations, training and management for a broad range of customers. These efforts were for academia, offshore oil and gas, military and educational programs. He was seconded from MBARI to train and lead Canadian Navy forces for wreckage recovery from the Swissair 111 disaster off the coast of Nova Scotia in 1998. His experience in all facets of subsea development, research and operations have provided him with a unique perspective on oceanographic endeavors and the marine environment. Mr. McFarlane is an experienced ROV pilot and has logged over 10,000 hours of piloting time, primarily for oceanographic research.
Mr. McFarlane was the co-chairperson of the National Science Foundation, National Visiting Committee, for the Marine Advanced Technology Center (MATE) for education from 1999 to 2009. He has also been directly involved in numerous film, television and documentary programs highlighting oceanographic research, education and current news. He is active in the scientific oceanographic community and is an active speaker at workshops and conferences internationally. He is a Member of the Marine Technology Society and a Fellow National (’97) of the Explorers Club.